Common Surgeries & Medical Procedures for Cats

Posted by Dr. Roth on

Common surgeries and medical procedures for cats

Part of a pet parent’s job involves making essential healthcare decisions for their cats. Sometimes, that means surgery or other medical procedures. While it’s an unpleasant thought, some procedures are necessary. Here are some of the most common surgeries and medical procedures for cats. 


Spay and Neuter

Spaying and neutering are among the most common surgical procedures for cats. It’s a routine procedure that not only prevents pregnancy in adult cats but helps to reduce the risks of several serious health conditions. 

For female cats, spaying reduces the risk of potentially cancerous mammary tumors. It also helps prevent uterine cancer and pyometra. For male cats, neutering reduces the risk of testicular cancer and prostate issues.  

Most cat advice from vets recommends spaying and neutering kittens around the age of five months. However, spaying or neutering adult cats can also be done. Cats are much less likely to develop the health issues below when they’re spayed or neutered earlier in life. 


Mast Removals

Mast cell tumors are tumors that consist of mast cells. They can form nodules on the skin or internal organs and can cause swelling of the spleen or intestines. They can cause serious issues, and some tumors may also be cancerous.

Mast removal is a procedure that removes mast cell tumors from a cat’s body, helping to improve their overall quality of life. In cases of cancer, a vet may recommend additional treatment, such as chemotherapy. 


Dental Cleanings

Good oral hygiene habits are just as important for cats as they are for humans. Along with good dental care practices at home, many vets may recommend professional dental cleanings. These more thorough cleanings remove plaque and tartar buildup, helping to reduce a cat’s risk of developing gum disease and other issues. Vets perform the procedure under general anesthesia to ensure a cat’s safety and comfort. They may also recommend an at-home oral care routine. Pet parents can ask their vet or an online vet for cat health advice and brushing recommendations. 


Tooth Extractions

In cases of severe gum disease or tooth damage, a vet may recommend tooth extractions. With this procedure, vets surgically remove one or more teeth from a cat’s mouth. 

While pet parents might be concerned about having teeth removed, cats will generally be happier, healthier, and more comfortable without the affected teeth. They’ll also be able to continue eating as usual after fully healing from the procedure. 


Urinary Obstruction Surgery

Urinary obstructions are a common urinary issue in male cats. Tumors, blood clots, or stones can become lodged in the urethra, making it difficult or even impossible for the cat to urinate. A vet may recommend surgery called perineal urethrostomy if they can’t remove the obstruction with a catheter or a cat has recurrent obstructions. The procedure creates a new opening that reduces the length of the urethra and helps prevent future blockages.  


Protect a Cat's Health and Ensure Their Longevity

Pet parents want the best for their cats. That sometimes means scheduling surgery or other medical procedures to protect their health. Even though the idea of surgery can be scary for pet parents, the discomfort that follows the procedure is only temporary. However, it can go a long way in ensuring that a cat lives a long and healthy life. 

Fuzzy is here to help 24/7 via Live Vet Chat and can answer any questions or concerns pet parents have about cat surgeries, medical procedures, or aftercare.

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